Inhibitory spillover: increased urination urgency

Strange and intriguing stuff:

Psychol Sci. 2011 May 1;22(5):627-33. Epub 2011 Apr 5.

Inhibitory spillover: increased urination urgency facilitates impulse control in unrelated domains.

Tuk MA, Trampe D, Warlop L.

Source

1Department of Marketing Communication and Consumer Psychology, University of Twente.

Abstract

Visceral states are known to reduce the ability to exert self-control. In the current research, we investigated how self-control is affected by a visceral factor associated with inhibition rather than with approach: bladder control. We designed four studies to test the hypothesis that inhibitory signals are not domain-specific but can spill over to unrelated domains, resulting in increased impulse control in the behavioral domain. In Study 1, participants’ urination urgency correlated with performance on color-naming but not word-meaning trials of a Stroop task. In Studies 2 and 3, we found that higher levels of bladder pressure resulted in an increased ability to resist impulsive choices in monetary decision making. We found that inhibitory spillover effects are moderated by sensitivity of the Behavioral Inhibition System (Study 3) and can be induced by exogenous cues (Study 4). Implications for inhibition and impulse-control theories are discussed.

via Inhibitory spillover: increased urination urgency … [Psychol Sci. 2011] – PubMed result.

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[Full post at my Bloomberg blog]

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J Pers Soc Psychol. 2011 May 23. [Epub ahead of print]

You probably think this paper’s about you: Narcissists’ perceptions of their personality and reputation.

Carlson EN, Vazire S, Oltmanns TF.

Abstract

Do narcissists have insight into the negative aspects of their personality and reputation? Using both clinical and subclinical measures of narcissism, the authors examined others’ perceptions, self-perceptions, and meta-perceptions of narcissists across a wide range of traits for a new acquaintance and close other (Study 1), longitudinally with a group of new acquaintances (Study 2), and among coworkers (Study 3). Results bring 3 surprising conclusions about narcissists: (a) they understand that others see them less positively than they see themselves (i.e., their meta-perceptions are less biased than are their self-perceptions), (b) they have some insight into the fact that they make positive first impressions that deteriorate over time, and (c) they have insight into their narcissistic personality (e.g., they describe themselves as arrogant). These findings shed light on some of the psychological mechanisms underlying narcissism. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved).

via You probably think this paper’s about you: Narciss… [J Pers Soc Psychol. 2011] – PubMed result.

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via Airbnb Has Arrived: Raising Mega-Round at a $1 Billion+ Valuation.

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[Full post at my Bloomberg blog]

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The economic calendar: