Prevalence of Deception in Humans: Evidence from Diving Behaviour in Soccer Players

New paper on a natural experiment in human deceiptfulness: Soccers dives and referee proximity.

Receivers Limit the Prevalence of Deception in Humans: Evidence from Diving Behaviour in Soccer Players

Deception remains a hotly debated topic in evolutionary and behavioural research. Our understanding of what impedes or facilitates the use and detection of deceptive signals in humans is still largely limited to studies of verbal deception under laboratory conditions. Recent theoretical models of non-human behaviour have suggested that the potential outcome for deceivers and the ability of receivers to discriminate signals can effectively maintain their honesty. In this paper, we empirically test these predictions in a real-world case of human deception, simulation in soccer. In support of theoretical predictions in signalling theory, we show that cost-free deceit by soccer players decreases as the potential outcome for the signaller becomes more costly. We further show that the ability of receivers (referees) to detect deceptive signals may limit the prevalence of deception by soccer players. Our study provides empirical support to recent theoretical models in signalling theory, and identifies conditions that may facilitate human deception and hinder its detection.

via PLoS ONE: Receivers Limit the Prevalence of Deception in Humans: Evidence from Diving Behaviour in Soccer Players.

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Comments

  1. Kiers says:

    errata (to be released in next printed version) : "In support of our prediction, dive frequency significantly decreased towards the defensive goal (dive frequency, rho = 0.282, P<0.001; relative to tackles, rho = 0.238, P<0.001).,

    to be added: "though this pattern was broadly supported across observations, however, one of our data points presented a significant outlier [ref 15:, ie Cristiano Ronaldo] over the full cross section of matches observed. We attribute this to the abnormally retrograde mentality of this particular data point and controlled for it by removing it from further analysis…"

  2. @daidix says:

    test, test…

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